Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Analysis of Rhetorical Strategies in The Company Man Essays

Analysis of Rhetorical Strategies in â€Å"The Company Man† In â€Å"The Company Man† by Ellen Goodman, throughout the passage Goodman illustrates her feelings of distaste and anger toward Phil, as he in her mind represents Corporate America: routine, indifferent, almost robotic. Goodman uses numerous rhetorical strategies to convey her attitude toward Phil, including tone, repetition, the use of statistics, sarcasm, anecdotes, differing syntax, and irony. From the beginning, Goodman creates a very impersonal tone, letting characters remain nameless and unimportant, identifying them primarily by their age – â€Å"Phil, fifty-one years old†¦Helen, forty-eight years old†¦Ã¢â‚¬ . This mirrors the corporate mindset that everyone has an expiration†¦show more content†¦Moreover, Phil’s youngest son said about his father, â€Å"My father and I only board here.†. This further conveys the amount of time Phil spent at the office rather than at home; his own family didn’t even consider him in perma nent residence at his own home. Other than anecdotes, Goodman additionally uses varying syntax to illustrate her annoyance at Phil’s choice of lifestyle. When describing Phil’s daily routine, her sentences are short, definitive, showing her distaste for Phil. â€Å"To Phil, it was work. He always ate egg salad sandwiches at his desk†¦.On Saturdays, Phil wore a sports jacket to the office instead of a suit, because it was the weekend.† Goodman contrastingly uses lengthy, detailed sentences and phrases when describing Phil’s family, to convey her pity for them and show that Phil should have been spending more time at home rather than at work. â€Å"The youngest is twenty, a boy, a high school graduate who has spent the last couple of years, like a lot of his friends, doing enough odd jobs to stay in grass and food. He was the one who tried to grab at his father, and tried to mean enough to him to keep the man at home.† Although Goodman describes Phil’s family with sympathy and care, she does use sarcasm as a means to criticize the obituary’s description of the family. â€Å"She would be ‘well taken care of’.’†, Goodman quotes from the obituary, in reference to Phil’s wife, and she says â€Å"His ‘dearly beloved’ eldest of the ‘dearly beloved’Show MoreRelatedBlink: Beauty of Snap Decisions1289 Words   |  6 Pagesthese examples/arguments in a more convenient manner for the reader, to support Gladwell’s argument. Come with me on a journey into the world of snap decisions. Gladwell utilized rhetorical strategies to construct his argument throughout each chapter of his book. For those who are unsure of what rhetorical strategies, they are listed as follow: Exemplification - Any additional facts, statistics, personal experiences, or interview quotations that can be used to help the writer accomplish their taskRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Budweisers Lost Dog1004 Words   |  5 PagesMs. Caldwell-Thomas English 101-010 12 October 2017 Rhetorical Analysis: Budweiser’s Lost Dog Budweiser is known for creating advertisements that convey messages that you wouldn’t otherwise tie with beer. In one of their more popular commercials â€Å"Lost Dog†, they attempt to show that your â€Å"buds† will always have your back, just as Budweiser will always be there for you. Budweiser managed to relate this life lesson to their notable company and a wide-range of viewers. In the â€Å"Lost Dog† commercialRead MoreRhetoral Analysis : Budweiser Commercial1170 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: RHETORIC ANALYSIS ESSAY​​ 1 Rhetoric Analysis Essay Name Institution Rhetoric Analysis Essay Introduction Budweiser has produced many commercials for marketing purposes. However, none of those are as iconic as the one they used to pay tribute to the victims of the September 11. Known as the Budweiser commercial, some of the television viewers only had a chance to watch it from YouTube because it was aired just one time February 3, 2002, during theRead MoreEssay on Business Communication Strategies1599 Words   |  7 Pagespeople to be more and more selective, therefore the competition inside each market is higher than ever. Companies need to diversify themselves in order to face the crisis and win over their competitors. One of the instruments they might use is communication. The aim of this essay is to demonstrate that an effective communication and awareness of discourse can contribute to the success of a company, both in terms of sales and in terms of internal relationship with its employees. After observing someRead MoreSteve Jobs Commencement Speech Analysis1462 Words   |  6 P agesinspirational anecdotes and rhetorical devices like ethos and pathos to move his audience to explore, follow their dream and do what they love no matter the odds. Jobs’ gave his commencement address at Stanford students graduation ceremony in 2005, which had an audience size of about 23000. The audience is composed of immensely diverse groups of people including the graduating students, their families and friends, faculty, honored guests and other Stanford afflicted groups. For this analysis, however, I am goingRead MoreRhetorical Analysis : The Audi Advertisement1903 Words   |  8 Pagestheir audience. Companies like Audi pour millions of dollars into their marketing teams to make sure their cars look the best and attract consumers. Commercials that are shown on television today are great examples of rhetorical artifacts because of the many techniques being exercised by the rhetor. Analyzing this through the lens of rhetorical analysis we can dissect and find out why and how they used certain rhetorical strategies to display to their consumers. For my analysis of the Audi advertisementRead MoreWhat Is Corporate Social Responsibility?1778 Words   |  7 Pagesï » ¿Corporate Social Responsibility Corporate Social Responsibility is described in regards to the Japaneses Internet market, Yahoo Japan Corporation (the Company) along with its consolidated subsidiaries and affiliates (the Yahoo Japan Group) to involve a full commitment on their part to the realization of an Internet environment that is characterized by safety, security and harmonious with the expectations and needs of society. P38) I. Safety and Security Characteristics Ensuring safety andRead MoreVisual Ad Analysis On Video Games1577 Words   |  7 PagesPeden Wright Profesor Quigley September 2, 2015 Visual Ad Analysis America; a country that revolves around technology. From smartphones to social media, we cannot escape the digital world lurking around us at every moment of the day. One of the takeaways of the digital age that we are living is the effect on America’s youth. They are constantly being bombarded with pixels on a screen. As video games and television become more and more violent and realistic, adolescents become wrapped up inRead MoreEssay on Rhetorical Analysis of Artifact: The Ballot or the Bullet2568 Words   |  11 PagesRhetorical Analysis of Artifact: The Ballot or the Bullet Speech Given by Malcolm X I. Introduction: Though almost half a century has passed, the Civil Rights Movement remains one freshly imprinted in not only the history books of US schools but also in the minds of countless Americans. Albeit, American society has come quite a ways in the acceptance of the individual - regardless of sex, age, creed or ethnicity - prejudices of different sorts are still to be foundRead MoreThe Myth Of White Privilege Essay1855 Words   |  8 Pagesvery good rhetorical skills, and their claims are supported with evidences and the sources of information, Peggy McIntosh is more successful than Selwyn Duke, because she used the historical and cultural facts, sociological aspects of people identified as white, and the social construction of whiteness as an ideology connected to social status. As anti-racists, McIntosh has devoted her life to fight racism, through the lectures at universities, documentary films, and academic analysis. That gives

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Need For Advanced Training and Education Within Unions

Why must education be of top priority in every union? First of all let’s take a moment and think back to when you were an infant. Imagine as an infant you were born with no one to instruct you in your â€Å"trial and error† learning process. What happens? You have just been set up for failure; and with enough failures, comes extinction. Ok, now let’s bring you back from being an infant and back into the present. Imagine now you have been a â€Å"rank and file† union member for several years. Your union is about to hold elections for leadership offices and you decide to run. The votes are counted. You have been elected business manager of your union. Congratulations! Next week starts the beginning of contract negotiations and globalization is here.†¦show more content†¦45). Unions have to come to the realization by being pro-active in regards to training and education; they will have to develop Eiger (1979) â€Å"intellectual power resources,† such as; â€Å"the power of access to information, the power of generating new ideas, the power of critically examining problems and creatively formulating alternative solutions. We need to make these resources available to workers on a scale as never attempted before† (p. 38) This is where labor educators come in. Unions need to come to the realization that education programs need to be solid, the main focus, and at the core of every union in order to keep the unions from extinction. Unions have many subjects that need to be continuously taught, trained, studied, and critiqued. Some of these are basic unionism, skill training, safety, organizing, grievance handling, contract negotiations, health care, political action, benefits, labor law, as well as others. All these should be taken into consideration at the local and international levels. Top education programs need to be established to keep rank and file members, as well as leadership abreast of new innovations and technology and maintain a progressive intellectual competence. â€Å"Continued success in collective bargaining, public campaigns, litigation, and political action hinges to a large degreeShow MoreRelatedWorking At T Corporate Office1706 Words   |  7 Pagesto climb the career ladder. Also learned that being union you are in a very structured environment. That made me curious of what the future is for the union and also HR. We are moving towards where a lot of employees will work from home so we have to be on top of our game with technology. Before we go into the interview let me give you a little background on ATT. At ATT, we’re bringing it all together. We’re helping people connect with advanced mobile services, next-generation TV, high-speed InternetRead MoreHistory And Development Of Nursing Education1691 Words   |  7 Pages Comparing Nursing Education in Ireland and China Lakeisha Alexander Florida International University Introduction The countries that I have chosen to research are Ireland and China. I chose Ireland because while I was in high school there was an opportunity to study abroad in the country; I was unable to participate in the program but was curious about what receiving an education there would be like. My opinion of nursing education in Ireland is that it’sRead MoreOnline Banking, Banking And Banking994 Words   |  4 Pageseasy accessibility have been a crucial priority in defining the financial industry. However, these qualities have had benefits as well as drawbacks that can either assist or harm the future financial industry and, in turn, Dupont Community Credit Union. According to Pew Research Center, almost two-thirds of Americans today use smartphones and almost 19% of Americans rely on smartphones for other means than simply calling or messaging. Additionally, 84% of Americans own computers and almost 75%Read MoreThe Model Of The Organization Frames887 Words   |  4 PagesThe first introduction to the model of the organization frames (pg. 19) my initial thoughts were solidly in line with the Structure frame. This makes sense in the way I think and maneuver within organizations. As we have progressed through the text, awareness of other approaches has widened. The realization that it takes multiple methodologies to be successful as an organization is very clear now. This is something that most people grasp intuitively; however being able to apply definitions to providesRead MoreSociology1447 Words   |  6 Pages1970s – re-emergence of radical political economy in both the USA and Western Europe. Produced the Union of Radical Political Economists and the journal Insurgent Sociologist in USA and wide array of groups and journals in Western Europe – of which the most well known are: New Left Review, Capital and Class and Economy and Society. †¢ In the late 1960s in the USA two sets of ideas had emerged within the social sciences which formed the concepts against which Braverman reacted: ⠝‘ H.Read MoreIs A College Education Worth It?1533 Words   |  7 PagesIs a college education worth it? While it is important to get a college education, there are many people who cannot afford to go to college. Going to college leaves adults in millions of dollars in debt for many years. This results in adults working most their life to just pay off their education. However, starting work right out of high school instead of going to a 4-year college has been more appealing to some people. Going to a trade school is less expensive and less time consuming. However, notRead MoreHuman Resources Management Essays1699 Words   |  7 Pagesdiversity of people and their dynamics (McKenzie Traynor, 2002). To get into this career field, one must have the required education degree by completing many different courses, and have the experience along with skills and traits. One must also be able to understand and perform the tasks that come with the many variety positions availa ble within this career field. Education in Human Resource Management can give a successful and satisfying career in this field as it provides excellent opportunitiesRead MoreHuman Resource Performance : The Role Of Cultural Differences1462 Words   |  6 Pagesperformances, or virtuously situation detailed performances that were pointless out of ethnic backgrounds. Such studies de facto mandate deliberation of a quantity of background, ethnic, and administrative variables. The research predicaments related within the enormous statistics groups described here were intensified by metaphysical encounters which lie at the origin of what academics are qualified not to go outside of the methodical technique. Role of Cultural Differences Notwithstanding, theRead MoreThe Assessment Of A Community s Decision For Real Initiative958 Words   |  4 Pagespeople in that community may not be using the GIS software correctly, therefore they do not comprehend the data that is being presented to them in a GIS platform. This connects to another complication, that the general public may not have the basic training requirements needed to properly understand GIS software. Referring back to Carver, et al (2001), one of the issues they encountered during the observation of the Neighbourhood Initiatives Foundation’s Planning for Real initiative was a general lackRead MoreEducation : Why Students Need More1590 Words   |  7 PagesVocational Education: Why Students Need More Jhone P. Daenen Western Governors University WGU Student ID #000569522 Vocational Education: Why Students Need More Over the years, high schools have evolved in their thinking of what type(s) of curriculum students may require in order to pursue their future career goals. In the past, the general consensus was to include both academic courses along with vocational classes (i.e. wood shop, home economics, typing). Then, for a time, public education chose

Business Managing Organizations and Leading People

Question: Discuss about the Business Managing Organizations and Leading People. Answer: Introduction: The company is a retail company that wants to expand its business in digital world which would increase the revenue of the company along with brand image. Radical change should be implemented in this perspective so that the employees of the company can quickly adopt changes in their new business model. Radical change in this perspective includes rapid changes in the business model that is focused on promotion and sales on the digital world. However, the employees are having expertise on traditional selling. Participative leadership will be followed in the organization by using Lewins change management model. There are three steps of the model such as unfreeze, change, and refreeze (Rossberger Krause, 2015). Participative leadership will involve the employees of the organization in the formation of new business model, obtaining input from them, developing the minds of the employees, coordinating the effort, resolving differences and finally implementing the change. The new business model will focus on the formulation of digital strategies that includes key success factors of quality service, improved brand image, promotional effort and after sale service to the online customers. The employees must be provided with training regarding the business model and operating on a digital basis. Lewins model of change management is a perfect model in the implementation of the participative leadership. It includes in identification of the barriers of the new strategy of change in the first stage i.e. unfreeze. In the second stage, i.e. change, the employees are trained after removing all the hindrances (Manchester et al., 2014). The last stage i.e. the unfreeze suggests that the employees are finally agreed with the proposed change i.e. the new business model of the company in the digital world. References Manchester, J., Gray-Miceli, D. L., Metcalf, J. A., Paolini, C. A., Napier, A. H., Coogle, C. L., Owens, M. G. (2014). Facilitating Lewin's change model with collaborative evaluation in promoting evidence based practices of health professionals.Evaluation and program planning,47, 82-90. Rossberger, R. J., Krause, D. E. (2015). Participative and Team-Oriented Leadership Styles, Countries Education Level, and National Innovation The Mediating Role of Economic Factors and National Cultural Practices.Cross-Cultural Research,49(1), 20-56.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Why does Harper Lee choose to tell the story from scouts viewpoint Essay Example

Why does Harper Lee choose to tell the story from scouts viewpoint Paper Harper Lee chooses to tell the story from scouts viewpoint because it allows the readers to see Scout mature and grow as the narrator and as a person. During the novel Scout learns many things and as we are viewing the events from her viewpoint we are able to see this more clearly. As Scout has grown up and changed, she can now see how things really were, and she can now begin to understand what happened. She can now see and understand the prejudice that was shown to Tom Robinson, Walter Cunningham, Miss Maudie and even herself. In the Novel Atticus teaches Jem and Scout to be polite, caring kids. He taught them to have great sense of love for their neighbour and told them things that would help them get on in life. Scout was very lucky to have someone to guide her along the way. Although she was faced with the real world, she had lots of people who would willingly explain to her and guide her. Because Harper Lee tells the novel from Scouts perspective we are able to see this more clearly. Also we are able to see Scout mature during the book. She goes from a six-year-old child with little understanding of the real world to a ten year old who has been taught a lot of important lessons at a young age. She had to learn, very quickly, that life would not always be easy and fun this is shown well by having an grown old Scout narrate the novel. In the novel She learns many things that when she was a child she couldnt understand but now that she is older she can understand such as Station when she was younger she didnt really understand the class system as she just thought of everyone as equals. We will write a custom essay sample on Why does Harper Lee choose to tell the story from scouts viewpoint specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Why does Harper Lee choose to tell the story from scouts viewpoint specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Why does Harper Lee choose to tell the story from scouts viewpoint specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The author, Harper Lee, picked an interesting person to narrate the story. The fact that Harper Lee chose Scout to narrate the story had some advantages and some disadvantages as the story progressed. When Harper Lee uses Scout as the first person, she opens the readers eyes to the way that children think and act. Scout also offers a fair opinion of the affairs of Maycomb, and doesnt dwell on adult matters which would make it boring for the reader. However there are also Some disadvantages of picking Scout for the first person viewpoint, even though she was smart, she didnt really understand what all the fuss was about as she was too young to understand everything that was going on around her. In my opinion Harper Lee the author did an excellent job of making the story easy to understand by using Scout as the narrator. In my opinion by Choosing to tell the story from a childs point of view, it was easier to read between the lines and find the real meaning of what was being said. This was because if Scout didnt understand she could ask someone whereas if the story had been narrated by an adult this would not have been possible. Its when you know youre licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. Mrs. Dubose won, all ninety-eight pounds of her. According to her views, she died beholden to nothing and nobody. She was the bravest person I ever knew. This above paragraph speaks about what scout feels the meaning of courage is. There were many people who showed different kinds of courage in the story and even though scout sometimes didnt realise the reader was made aware. Atticus was probably one of the bravest people in the story even though scout and Jem didnt seem to think so. He stood up for a black man who was going against a white man in court. A lot of people disagreed with him, and some went so far as to spit in his face however he carried on against all odds. In the novel Boo Radley was also brave. He risked his own life to save two children that he barely knew. He also faced so much gossip and persecution because of his home life and the way he chose to live. He could have come out any time he wanted to but he didnt, and because he didnt, he suffered for it. Te fact that Boo Radley saved the lives of the children even though he didnt like to go out shows that he has courage and because this is sown through Scouts perspective his courage is shown more. We then begin to hear about how Tom Robinson, a black man, has been accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a white woman, and how everyone is saying that Atticus defends Negroes. The plot then goes on to explain about the trial and what happens afterwards, but we dont hear about Boo Radley until Halloween. When the kids are attacked, that is when the two plots combine. Boo Radley fights Mr. Ewell and carries Jem home. Scout figures out what happens and realizes who he is. Their game of Making Boo Radley Come Out has finally succeeded the fact that the above is all written from Scouts point of view makes it more effective. Also when Harper Lee wrote the book, she made the entire book like a flashback. She began the story as a reminiscence about her brothers broken arm. By making the entire story a flashback, she could add funny stories and still keeping the story line. . When Lee uses foreshadowing to tell what is going to come, she makes you wonder what is going to happen next. Irony is one of the biggest elements in this story. An ironic moment is when the children spend an entire summer trying to get Boo outside, and when he does come out (of his own accord), its to save them. Irony is important to the story because the theme of the book is ironic in itself. In the novel the childrens relation to Atticus starts out as a child-father relationship. But as the story progresses, they begin to see what a great man he is. They realized that by defending Tom Robinson, he was doing something that no other man would do, not for the glory, but because it was the right thing to do. The children and Boos relationship is probably the most interesting one in the book and is shown well from scouts perspective. It goes from an obsession to an unconditional love. When Boo saves the childrens lives, he proves that he is not scary as they had first thought. They realize that Boo was the one giving them little trinkets in the tree, and they realize that he was the one who folded Jems pants and left them on the fence. Boo cared for the children, even though he barely knew them. He showed an unconditional love that most adults would not show. He was so kind that he risked his life for the children, and that is why Scout grows to understand and care for him because he is the opposite to what they thought he was. I think that Harper lee chose to write the novel from scouts perspective because it gave the reader an added insight into the story and the events of Maycomb. It was good to write it in such a way because even though scout was young she was unusually clever and easily able to grasp what was going on around her and she always acted with the best intentions and didnt care about social class, she was a tomboy in Maycomb which would have been very unusual. Also by writing in this way the story became easier to understand and perhaps more interesting as scout was used as the narrator. Also because of this we can quickly realizes when reading To Kill a Mockingbird that Scout is who she is because of the way Atticus has raised her. While most girls in Scouts position would be wearing dresses and learning manners, Scout, thanks to Atticuss hands-off parenting style, wears overalls and learns to climb trees with Jem and Dill. She does not always grasp social workings this is shown when she tells her teacher that one of her fellow students is too poor to pay her back for lunch, and human behaviour often confuses her, when one of her teachers criticizes Hitlers prejudice against Jews while indulging in her own prejudice against blacks she cant understand it. Atticuss protection of Scout from social pressure has made her forthright and well meaning.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Free Essays on Inevitable Fate Of Achilleus

To become honourable, one must show their courage, strength, stamina and leadership. Thus honour, also known as timà §, is most commonly gained on the battlefield and is a virtue amongst the mortals in Homeric society. When Achilleus was given a choice of destiny, he chose the short victorious life that was full of individual honour. Achilleus later withdraws himself from the battle, knowing full well that he will lose his timà §. However, despite Achilleus’ attempt to dismiss personal honour, his fate of living an honourable life is inevitable. After being dishonoured by Agamemnon, Achilleus withdraws himself from the battle. Achilleus, who is considered the greatest warrior, acknowledges the fact that withdrawing himself from battle means that he will lose his chance to become honorable. This is understood when he says â€Å"I carry two sorts of destiny toward my day of death. Either, if I stay here and fight beside the city of the Trojans, my return here is gone, but my glory shall be everlasting; but if I return home to the beloved land of my fathers, the excellence of my glory is gone, but there will be a long life left for me, and my death will not come to me quickly. † (Il. 9.412-416). Although Agamemnon displays his regret by offering many gifts, Achilleus still avoids the battle, thus avoiding an honourable life. However, Achilleus fails to realize that he has already chosen his destiny: to live a short life, with everlasting glory (Il.1.416). Dishonourment, combined with lack of ambition, is what ultimately drives Achilleus to avoid the battle. â€Å"From all [the cities we sacked] we took treasures, goodly and numerous, and we would bring them back, and give them to Agamemnon, Atreus’ son; while he, waiting back beside the swift ships, would take them, and distribute them little by little, and keep many. All the other prizes of honur he gave the great men and the princes are held fast by them, but from me alon... Free Essays on Inevitable Fate Of Achilleus Free Essays on Inevitable Fate Of Achilleus To become honourable, one must show their courage, strength, stamina and leadership. Thus honour, also known as timà §, is most commonly gained on the battlefield and is a virtue amongst the mortals in Homeric society. When Achilleus was given a choice of destiny, he chose the short victorious life that was full of individual honour. Achilleus later withdraws himself from the battle, knowing full well that he will lose his timà §. However, despite Achilleus’ attempt to dismiss personal honour, his fate of living an honourable life is inevitable. After being dishonoured by Agamemnon, Achilleus withdraws himself from the battle. Achilleus, who is considered the greatest warrior, acknowledges the fact that withdrawing himself from battle means that he will lose his chance to become honorable. This is understood when he says â€Å"I carry two sorts of destiny toward my day of death. Either, if I stay here and fight beside the city of the Trojans, my return here is gone, but my glory shall be everlasting; but if I return home to the beloved land of my fathers, the excellence of my glory is gone, but there will be a long life left for me, and my death will not come to me quickly. † (Il. 9.412-416). Although Agamemnon displays his regret by offering many gifts, Achilleus still avoids the battle, thus avoiding an honourable life. However, Achilleus fails to realize that he has already chosen his destiny: to live a short life, with everlasting glory (Il.1.416). Dishonourment, combined with lack of ambition, is what ultimately drives Achilleus to avoid the battle. â€Å"From all [the cities we sacked] we took treasures, goodly and numerous, and we would bring them back, and give them to Agamemnon, Atreus’ son; while he, waiting back beside the swift ships, would take them, and distribute them little by little, and keep many. All the other prizes of honur he gave the great men and the princes are held fast by them, but from me alon...

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Battle of Mill Springs - Civil War Battle of Mill Springs

Battle of Mill Springs - Civil War Battle of Mill Springs The Battle of Mill Springs - Conflict: The Battle of Mill Springs was an early battle in the American Civil War (1861-1865). Armies Commanders: Union Brigadier General George H. Thomas4,400 men Confederate Major General George Crittenden5,900 men Battle of Mill Springs - Date: Thomas defeated Crittenden on January 19, 1862. Battle of Mill Springs - Background: In early 1862, Confederate defenses in the West were led by General Albert Sidney Johnston and were thinly spread from Columbus, KY east to the Cumberland Gap. A vital pass, the gap was held by the brigade of Brigadier General Felix Zollicoffer as part of Major General George B. Crittendens Military District of Eastern Tennessee. Having secured the gap, Zollicoffer moved north in November 1861, to position his forces closer to Confederate troops in Bowling Green and to take control of the area around Somerset. A military novice and former politician, Zollicoffer arrived at Mill Springs, KY and elected to move across the Cumberland River rather than fortify the heights around the town. Taking a position on the north bank, he believed that his brigade was in a better position to strike at Union troops in the area. Alerted to Zollicoffers movement, both Johnston and Crittenden ordered him to recross the Cumberland and situate himself on the more defensible south bank. Zollicoffer refused to comply, believing that he lacked sufficient boats for the crossing and citing concerns that he could be attacked with his men divided. Battle of Mill Springs - The Union Advances: Aware of the Confederate presence in Mill Springs, the Union leadership directed Brigadier General George H. Thomas to move against Zollicoffer and Crittendens forces. Arriving at Logans Crossroads, approximately ten miles north of Mill Springs, with three brigades on January 17, Thomas paused to await the arrival of a fourth under Brigadier General Albin Schoepf. Alerted to the Union advance, Crittenden ordered Zollicoffer to attack Thomas before Schoepf could reach Logans Crossroads. Departing on the evening of January 18, his men marched nine miles through rain and mud to reach the Union position by morning. Battle of Mill Springs - Zollicoffer Killed: Attacking at dawn, the tired Confederates first encountered Union pickets under Colonel Frank Wolford. Pressing his attack with the 15th Mississippi and 20th Tennessee, Zollicoffer soon encountered stubborn resistance from the 10th Indiana and 4th Kentucky. Taking a position in a ravine forward of the Union line, the Confederates made use of the protection it provided and maintained a heavy fire. As the fighting lulled, Zollicoffer, conspicuous in a white rain coat, moved to reconnoiter the lines. Becoming confused in smoke, he approached the 4th Kentuckys lines believing them to be Confederates. Before he could realize his mistake, he was shot and killed, possibly by Colonel Speed Fry, commander of the 4th Kentucky. With their commander dead, the tide began to turn against the rebels. Arriving on the field, Thomas quickly took control of the situation and stabilized the Union line, while increasing pressure on the Confederates. Rallying Zollicoffers men, Crittenden committed the brigade of Brigadier General William Carroll to the fight. As the fighting raged, Thomas ordered the 2nd Minnesota to maintain their fire and pushed forward the 9th Ohio. Battle of Mill Springs - Union Victory: Advancing, the 9th Ohio succeeded in turning the Confederate left flank. Their line collapsing from the Union attack, Crittendens men began fleeing back towards Mill Springs. Frantically crossing the Cumberland, they abandoned 12 guns, 150 wagons, over 1,000 animals, and all of their wounded on the north bank. The retreat did not end until the men reached the area around Murfreesboro, TN. Aftermath of the Battle of Mill Springs: The Battle of Mill Springs cost Thomas 39 killed and 207 wounded, while Crittenden lost 125 killed and 404 wounded or missing. Believed to have been intoxicated during the fighting, Crittenden was relieved of his command. The victory at Mill Springs was one of the first triumphs for the Union and saw Thomas open a breach in the western Confederate defenses. This was quickly followed by Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grants victories at Forts Henry and Donelson in February. Confederate forces would not control the Mill Springs area against until the weeks before the Battle of Perryville in autumn 1862. Selected Sources Mill Springs Battlefield AssociationNational Park Service: Battle of Mill SpringsCivil War Trust: Battle of Mill Springs

Battle of Mill Springs - Civil War Battle of Mill Springs

Battle of Mill Springs - Civil War Battle of Mill Springs The Battle of Mill Springs - Conflict: The Battle of Mill Springs was an early battle in the American Civil War (1861-1865). Armies Commanders: Union Brigadier General George H. Thomas4,400 men Confederate Major General George Crittenden5,900 men Battle of Mill Springs - Date: Thomas defeated Crittenden on January 19, 1862. Battle of Mill Springs - Background: In early 1862, Confederate defenses in the West were led by General Albert Sidney Johnston and were thinly spread from Columbus, KY east to the Cumberland Gap. A vital pass, the gap was held by the brigade of Brigadier General Felix Zollicoffer as part of Major General George B. Crittendens Military District of Eastern Tennessee. Having secured the gap, Zollicoffer moved north in November 1861, to position his forces closer to Confederate troops in Bowling Green and to take control of the area around Somerset. A military novice and former politician, Zollicoffer arrived at Mill Springs, KY and elected to move across the Cumberland River rather than fortify the heights around the town. Taking a position on the north bank, he believed that his brigade was in a better position to strike at Union troops in the area. Alerted to Zollicoffers movement, both Johnston and Crittenden ordered him to recross the Cumberland and situate himself on the more defensible south bank. Zollicoffer refused to comply, believing that he lacked sufficient boats for the crossing and citing concerns that he could be attacked with his men divided. Battle of Mill Springs - The Union Advances: Aware of the Confederate presence in Mill Springs, the Union leadership directed Brigadier General George H. Thomas to move against Zollicoffer and Crittendens forces. Arriving at Logans Crossroads, approximately ten miles north of Mill Springs, with three brigades on January 17, Thomas paused to await the arrival of a fourth under Brigadier General Albin Schoepf. Alerted to the Union advance, Crittenden ordered Zollicoffer to attack Thomas before Schoepf could reach Logans Crossroads. Departing on the evening of January 18, his men marched nine miles through rain and mud to reach the Union position by morning. Battle of Mill Springs - Zollicoffer Killed: Attacking at dawn, the tired Confederates first encountered Union pickets under Colonel Frank Wolford. Pressing his attack with the 15th Mississippi and 20th Tennessee, Zollicoffer soon encountered stubborn resistance from the 10th Indiana and 4th Kentucky. Taking a position in a ravine forward of the Union line, the Confederates made use of the protection it provided and maintained a heavy fire. As the fighting lulled, Zollicoffer, conspicuous in a white rain coat, moved to reconnoiter the lines. Becoming confused in smoke, he approached the 4th Kentuckys lines believing them to be Confederates. Before he could realize his mistake, he was shot and killed, possibly by Colonel Speed Fry, commander of the 4th Kentucky. With their commander dead, the tide began to turn against the rebels. Arriving on the field, Thomas quickly took control of the situation and stabilized the Union line, while increasing pressure on the Confederates. Rallying Zollicoffers men, Crittenden committed the brigade of Brigadier General William Carroll to the fight. As the fighting raged, Thomas ordered the 2nd Minnesota to maintain their fire and pushed forward the 9th Ohio. Battle of Mill Springs - Union Victory: Advancing, the 9th Ohio succeeded in turning the Confederate left flank. Their line collapsing from the Union attack, Crittendens men began fleeing back towards Mill Springs. Frantically crossing the Cumberland, they abandoned 12 guns, 150 wagons, over 1,000 animals, and all of their wounded on the north bank. The retreat did not end until the men reached the area around Murfreesboro, TN. Aftermath of the Battle of Mill Springs: The Battle of Mill Springs cost Thomas 39 killed and 207 wounded, while Crittenden lost 125 killed and 404 wounded or missing. Believed to have been intoxicated during the fighting, Crittenden was relieved of his command. The victory at Mill Springs was one of the first triumphs for the Union and saw Thomas open a breach in the western Confederate defenses. This was quickly followed by Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grants victories at Forts Henry and Donelson in February. Confederate forces would not control the Mill Springs area against until the weeks before the Battle of Perryville in autumn 1862. Selected Sources Mill Springs Battlefield AssociationNational Park Service: Battle of Mill SpringsCivil War Trust: Battle of Mill Springs